The music executive art form, whose exclusive recordings were a premiere label during Rock ‘n’ roll years and helped launch the careers of Little Richard, Sam Cook, and many others, has died. He was 104.
Rupp, who was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2011, died Friday at his home in Santa Barbara, California, according to the Order of the Rope Foundation. The Foundation did not release the cause of his death.
Greensburg, Pennsylvania, Jerry Wexler, Leonard Chess, and other white merchants – were collaborators who helped bring black music to the general audience. He founded Specialty in Los Angeles in 1946 and gave early breaks to such artists as Cook and his gospel group The Civil Sisters, Little Richard, Lloyd Price, John Lee Hooker and Clifton Chanier.
“The development of specialty records parallels, and perhaps explains, the evolution of black popular music, from the ‘race’ music of the 1940s to the rock ‘n’ roll of the 1950s,” writes music historian Billy Vera in the liner notes. The main story, a five-CD set that came out in 1994.
One of the most lucrative and important signatures of the form was Little Richard, a rhythm and gospel player from his youth who struggled to get through commercially.
In a 2011 interview for the Hall of Fame archives, Rupp explained that Little Richard (the late Macron, Georgia, Richard Paiman’s professional name) had learned specialty through Price, sent out a demo and phoned it several months later to find out. Have to try what. Why anyone He eventually demanded to speak to Rupi, who rejected his tape.
“There was something in Little Richard’s voice that I liked,” Rupp said. “I don’t know – it was so exaggerated, so emotional. And I said: ‘Let’s give this guy a chance and maybe we can bring him to sing like Baby King.
The opening recording sessions were impressive, but during lunch break, at lunchtime, Lynch Richard sat down on a piano and performed a song that he performed during the club’s chorus: Totti Froti, with his ever-opening slogan: “Awoopobopalompowopoupbaum!”
Released in September 1955 and one of the first successful hits of Rock n ‘Roll, Tooty Frooty was a menace, but a clever version of the Ronchi original, which included such scenes as “Totti Froti / Goth Botti”. Rupp notes that Little Richard’s performance changed when he was on the piano with him.
“At that time, bumper (producer Robert” bumps “Blackwell) was just a song to Little Richard,” Rupp said. “Neck bone or neck bone attached to something; His voice and the kind of play he gave him lift.
Critics will liken the recording of Langdon Wiener Little Richard to Elvis Presley’s Sun Record session with “singing and music models that influenced rock music at that time”.
Other specialties included Little Richard with rock classics such as Long Tall Sly, as well as Miss Molly and Rope Up Up before she retired suddenly (and temporarily) in 1957. The specialty was also the home of Price’s Lady Miss Clowney (with Fats Domino on piano); Don and Davey Farmer John; Miss Lizzie, the sister of Larry Williams, whom the Beatles later pushed; And music by such well-known gospel acts as Dorothy Leo Coats, Swan Silvertones and Pilgrim Travelers.
Ropi knew how little he paid for his artists and engaged in an exploitative process among the label owners during the early Stone Age: by signing artists’ contracts he was awarded the rights of many or all royalties and publishing. آهن. Little Richard sued him back in 1959 for royalties and settled out of court at $ 11,000.
At the same time, Ropi became more frustrated with the “Pivula” system for getting broadcasters to record records and distanced himself from the music business. He sold specialty to Fantasy Records in the early 1990s, but continued to make money through oil and gas investments. In recent years, he has chaired the ArtNoop Foundation, which supports education and research to shine “the light of truth on critical and conflict issues.”
Survivors of the family include his daughter, Beverly Ropey Schwarz, and granddaughter Madeleine Kahn.
He was born to Arthur Goldberg, the son of a Jewish factory worker whose passion for black music began with singing to singers at a nearby Baptist church. He studied at the University of California, Los Angeles, briefly considered a career in films and instead decided on music, buying himself a “race record” and schooling himself by counting with a metronome and a stopwatch. He co-founded Jukebox Records in the mid-1940s, but soon began to specialize. He also changed his last name to Rupe, which is now the family name.
The rupee’s intelligent tastes make him a success, but he spends at least one big hit. In the mid-1950s, Cook was anxious to extend his appeal to the gospel and recorded some pop songs on the specialty, including a ballad that became a standard, You sent me. Rupp found the song useless and surprised his white backup singers. He allowed Cook and Blackwell, who had become Cook’s managers, bought the copyright and released it through the RCA.
“I didn’t think it was great that you sent me. I knew it would have a special intrinsic value because Sam was good. I never dreamed it would sell for millions, “said Ropi, who added:” A wonderful stroke of wisdom from my side.